The gum is an important part of the mouth. Most of us usually concentrate on the teeth when cleaning the mouth, without knowing that there will be no teeth if your gums are damaged. Your gums provides protection and support to your teeth. When you don’t take good care of them you will be at risk of developing oral health problems. Bleeding gums, tooth decay and gums recession are most likely to surface when you don’t take proper care of your gums.
However, if your gums bleed frequently, it might be a sign of a serious health condition. Using the wrong technique when brushing is among the most common cause of bleeding gums. Bleeding gums is not what you should ignore, getting treated fast enough at the early stage can help to prevent the progression to a more advanced form of gum disease. (1) In this article we will look at those that might be the cause of your bleeding gums.
Bleeding Gums Causes (2)
This is the first stage of gum disease, the bleeding is usually painless. When you have gingivitis, it will make your gums red, swollen and irritated. You will also experience gums bleeding when you brush or floss. This health problem is commonly caused by plaque buildups at your gumline.
Plaque buildups is a sign of poor oral hygiene, when you don’t clean your mouth properly daily, plaque tends to accumulate overtime. The acids from the plaque will eventually attack the healthy tissue around the teeth. This is why it’s very important to take good care of your teeth. One more thing, if bleeding gums and gingivitis are not treated, they can can lead to a more serious gum disease called periodontitis.
Periodontitis is a gum disease that causes damages to the gum tissues and the bones that supports the teeth. People suffering periodontitis are most likely to have gums recession and lose of their teeth. Signs of periodontitis may include: persistent bad breath, cavities, red or tender gums and loose teeth.
If you have periodontitis you will always experience bleeding gums and infections. Inflamed and infected gums can easily cause your gums to start pulling away from your teeth (receding gums). In my previous post I explained more on how gum disease can make your gums to receed.
3. Nutritional deficiency
Yeah, your bleeding gums can be as a result of lack of essential nutrients from the foods you eat. Minerals and vitamins are very important for maintaining healthy teeth and gums. Vitamins helps in growing, repairing, strengthening of the gum tissues and teeth. When you don’t get enough of these essential nutrients you can get swollen and bleeding gums.
- Vitamin C – when you don’t get enough vitamin C it can lead to scurvy. Scurvy it’s a serious disease, it can cause body weakness and numerous other health problems. Anemia and bleeding from your body tissues are commonly caused by scurvy.
- Vitamin K – bleeding gums can also be a sign of shortage of vitamin K in the body. Vitamin K is very important in the body as it helps in blood clotting. It also helps in the strengthening of your bones and teeth. Little or no vitamin K in your body can result to bleeding.
Studies have proven that lots of sugar in the blood can affect the health of our mouth. If you have diabetes you will be at risk of developing infections such as gum disease. High blood sugar levels lowers the ability of your body to fight infections. It also make it harder for your body tissues to heal when there is any damage or injury.
If you are diabetic and you usually have bleeding gums, it’s important that you talk to your doctor. He can recommend suitable treatments for you.
Leukemia is a cancer of the blood. There are many types of leukemia, some are common in children while others occur in adults. It affects the part of the blood that helps in fighting infections. People that have leukemia, produce less active white blood cells.
If you have leukemia you are more likely to experience loss of weight without trying, swollen lymph nodes, enlarged liver or spleen, easy bleeding or bruising and recurrent nosebleeds. (3)
6. Thrombocytopenia (low platelet count)
This is medical condition when you have a low blood platelet count. The platelet are the colorless part of your blood that help in blood clotting. When there is any injury on your body, in order to stop bleeding, the blood platelets initiates blood clotting to avoid much loss of blood.
In some cases, when left untreated the number of platelets may be so low that dangerous internal bleeding occurs. When your body don’t produce enough platelets bleeding will be very hard to stop. People with thrombocytopenia will experience prolonged bleeding from cuts, bleeding from your gums or nose, blood in urine or stools. Unusually heavy menstrual flows, fatigue and enlarged spleen.
Some of us are just predisposed to get gum disease. If any of your parents suffered from gum disease before, you might end up having it too. Simple genetic test by your dentist can help to determine your risk. Also, practicing good oral hygiene can help to prevent plaque buildups, gums bleeding and infections.
Regular professional oral cleaning and dental exams is very important for preventing gum disease. It can help to detect and treat gum issues before they progress into more serious gum disease and damages. So, it’s important that you visit your dentist if you experience persistent gums bleeding for proper evaluation and treatment.