Tooth discolouration after trauma is one of the common dental problems that many people face today. It is possible for the color of a traumatized tooth to change from white to grey, brown or black, some few days after a trauma occurred. So, there is increased chances of you developing a colored tooth if you’ve experienced any type of trauma on any of your teeth.
However, the causes of dental trauma might not be something too serious. Trauma can easily occur with a simple fall or accident, sporting mishap or impact from stray elbow or when the tooth receives a severe shock. Although, tooth discoloration can occur in adults and children, but it tends to occur more often in children from sudden fall or accidents especially while they’re learning to walk. Adults do experience tooth discoloration on their permanent adult teeth but it should heal in a few days after undergoing some necessary treatments. In most cases, the extent of discolouration of the tooth after trauma is usually determined by the severity of the shock or injury. You can read here to see – 9 causes of tooth discoloration.
Reasons for tooth discoloration after trauma
Why most people experience darkening of their entire tooth after trauma is due to internal bleeding which occurs inside the tooth after the injury. Just like every other parts of our body, the tooth has chamber which is known as tooth pulp where its blood vessels and nerves are found. Blood can actually leak through the dental nerves and blood vessels and cause discoloration of an entire tooth if the pulp is damaged.
Few days after the trauma, the affected tooth gets discoloured and turn black or grey. Sometimes, the discolouration disappears automatically in cases of a mild shock or injuries on the pulp. On the other hand, if the damages on the tooth is too severe, the affected tooth may darken gradually with each passing day indicating poor functioning of the tooth blood vessels and nerves.
According to Only my health, here is what some tooth discoloration after trauma signifies.
- Yellow tooth. The colour change of the traumatised tooth to yellow or brownish yellow generally indicates calcification and obliteration of the dental pulp, and in most cases it regains its natural colour within few days, without any treatment.
- Black tooth. The colour of the traumatised tooth changes to black, indicating the death of the dental pulp or necrosis. In most cases, this type of discoloration don’t usually go away on its own naturally. The affected tooth can be treated either using a root canal therapy, internal bleaching or by extracting the tooth entirely.
- Pink tooth. Pink tooth color after trauma indicates the presence of blood pigments in the dental pulp. In most cases, the affected tooth may regains its natural colour within few days or require the attention of an experienced dentist.
Treatments for tooth discoloration after trauma
There are few treatments options when it comes to treating discolored tooth. Discoloration caused by mild trauma does not always need to be treated. These type of tooth discolorations tend to regain their natural tooth colour within some few weeks. On the contrary, discolouration of a severely traumatized tooth can continue and last for months. The damaged tooth will eventually become dead and require an expert hand to carry out nerve treatments.
Here are some of the treatment options for tooth discoloration after trauma:
1. Root canal treatment. A root canal treatment involves the careful removal of the stained, damaged or decayed materials contained in pulp cavity. A root canal may help to reverse the discolouration of your tooth once the damaged or dead pulp is removed. Although, the complete removal of the pulp contents via root canal therapy is often very costly and difficult, but there is another alternative if you can’t afford one. You can check here to see – the cost of root canal treatment.
2. Internal bleaching. Bleaching is another great option for treating tooth discoloration after trauma. Internal bleaching can help to revert the tooth to its natural colour. You check here to see – how to whiten a dead tooth.
Anyone can get an accident or fall in one way or the other and get a discoloured tooth. Taking proper action immediately you notice that the color of your traumatized teeth is changing can be necessary in saving your smile. Apart from color change, dental trauma can completely damage your tooth, leading to the death of your affected tooth.
However, some discolored tooth after trauma does not need to be treated, their natural colour often return within a few days reducing your chances of getting a root canal treatment. But if the tooth still remain discoloured, you should see your dentist to check if the damage needs to be repaired.