Mouth Ulcers In Children : Causes, Symptoms & Pictures

Mouth sores and Ulcers In Children

Mouth ulcers or sores causes lots of pain and discomfort to children, even to adults. They can appear on the inner lining of your child’s mouth, most times on the tongue or gums. Mouth ulcer In children are of different types, the sores might appear to be white, red, or yellow. The most common one that children use to have is usually white with red borders. Please, mouth ulcers and mouth sores are still talking about the same thing, I will be using the two interchangeably, don’t get confused.

Is Mouth Ulcers Contagious?

No! Mouth ulcer is not contagious, many people usually get confused, not knowing the difference between mouth ulcers and cold sores. Cold sores are caused by virus – herpes simplex, it is highly contagious and can appear on the lips or around the mouth, even at any area of the face.

Picture showing cold sore

Cold sores can be contracted through close body contacts, easily via kissing. I don’t want to digress, this shall be a topic of another day, let’s move back to our initial topic.

Mouth ulcers in children

When you notice that your child has mouth ulcers, you don’t need to panic, there are lots of home remedies you can use to get rid of it. Besides it’s not a sign of anything serious, but it’s very uncomfortable to live with. Your child might have just one sore or more at the same time. At times he or she might refuse eating, drinking or brushing until the sores are healed. There are no quick fix for healing mouth ulcers, they will clear out on their own within few days.

In this article we are going to look at some essential things to know about mouth ulcers in children. This information can help you to keep watch on those things that can cause mouth ulcers for you child, this includes :

  • Symptoms,
  • Causes and
  • Preventional Procedures

Symptoms of mouth ulcers

  • Appearance of round lesions that have red edges and are white in the middle. (1) The middle must not be white, it can be yellow or gray.
  • Painful sores which may be one or more, appears on the inside lining of the mouth, on the roof of the mouth, on the tongue or gum.
  • Pains and discomfort, especially when your child eats salty or spicy foods.
  • In severe cases, your child will experience fever and swollen glands.

Note : Not all sores are mouth ulcer, if your child has sores outside his or her mouth, sores that looks like red blisters full of fluid. Then it’s likely to be cold sores, usually begins with a tingling, itching or burning sensation. (2 ) You can take your child to a healthcare center for proper diagnosis, because this two sores has certain similarities.

Causes Of Mouth Ulcers

  1. Acidic Foods and Drinks : Certain foods such as oranges, kiwi, lemons, pineapples, strawberries and tomatoes are acidic. The acids in this foods can trigger mouth ulcers, don’t give your child too much citrus fruits and other foods that are high in acidity.
  2. Tissue Damage : Damage to the tissue in the mouth lining is common. Rough play and certain activities kids do can lead to injuries to the mouth tissues, mouth ulcers can easily form from there. Activities such as vigorous brushing, biting inside of the mouth, rubbing from braces, injury to the mouth can cause mouth ulcers to form.
  3. Infection : Bacteria and viral infections can cause mouth ulcers. Other disease like foot and mouth disease, coeliac disease or inflammatory bowel disease can also lead to mouth ulcers. Mouth ulcers heals naturally lasting only between 1 – 2 weeks. But if the ulcers persist and couldn’t go away, then it might be a sign of a serious health problem.
  4. Low Vitamin Levels : this is the most common cause of mouth ulcers in children, when you don’t your child enough vitamins and minerals. (3 ) Deficiency in vitamins such as B-12, iron, folate or zinc easily causes mouth ulcers.
  5. Toothpaste or Oral Rinses: Using toothpastes or oral rinses that contain sodium lauryl sulfate for your child, can contribute to constant recurrence of mouth ulcers.

Prevention For Mouth Ulcer 

An effective way to speeding up the healing process of mouth ulcers in children, is avoiding those things that either triggers or worsen the symptoms. It can also help to reduce recurrence and pain. Here are possible things that can prevent mouth ulcers in children :

  • Always use soft-bristled toothbrush for your child, brush gently to avoid injuries.
  • Get special cups that will be suitable for your child, if possible drinking through a straw is also fine.
  • Give your child healthy balanced diets, deficiency in vitamins are common cause of mouth ulcers.
  • Don’t give your child very hot or acidic drinks and foods.
  • Toothpaste containing sodium lauryl sulphate is not safe for use, it causes mouth ulcers.
  • Avoid hard foods, softer foods are better.

Finally, there are many available treatments and remedies for mouth ulcers. Stay tuned, in my next post I will give you a list of this effective remedies. Make sure that your child keeps up with her fluids, if the ulcers gets severe after much treatments, you should seek for medical attention. It’s also important that you seek for medical advice and check-up if the mouth ulcers re-occurs more frequently.

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